The song Jana gana mana, composed originally in Bengali by Rabinder Nath Tagore was first sung on 27th Dec.1911 at Calcutta session of Indian National Congress. Its Hindi version later on was translated by Abid Ali, and was adopted by the constituent assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24th Jan.1950.
It is dedicated to Almighty Lord, who is creator of India’s destiny. The English translation is:-
You the Almighty are our leader and rule the minds of all people.Victroy to thee. You are builder of India’s destiny. Your name awakens and unites the hearts of the Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, South India, Orissa and Bengal. (Tagore mentioned only the border states of India to include complete nation.).
The sound of Your name echoes in the hills of Vindhyachal and Himalayas which are the abode of gods.
T he saints and sages living in the divine hermitages of these hills, worship You.Our most religious rivers Ganges and Yamuna, which wash away the sins of countless people, feel proud to flow here and chant Thy name.
When the turbulent waves of Ocean rise, they give You standing ovation, and on fall prostrate in deep love and reverence to Thee.
We and all blissful omens get awakened with your auspicious name. We pray for Thy blessings and sing Your glories. Victory, Victory, Victory to thee.
You are our Compassionate Guru, Who gives us power, wisdom and knowledge. These inspire us, and guide us to do good karmas that determine the destiny of our country.
We are all indebted to our nation. Let us all unite with brotherhood spirit, and make it strong and take it to new scales of height. This will be greatest service we can render to our Nation and to Lord. Our thousand thousand thousand salutation Unto Thee.