Since ancient time we the people of India, have been drinking cow’s milk. It is been proved, cow’s milk can provide us with the greatest amount of healthy food value. We consider the COW as mother, GAU MATA. Thus the GAU MATA is respected and compared as equivalent of mother. GAU MATA with her MILK has been nourishing us, since ancient time.
It is our duty as a human being to protect GAU MATA and defend for benefit of mankind. In the Rig Veda, the Cow is described as Sabardudha , provider of Amrita, Nurturance and Wealth. Of all species, the cow is the primary example of unconditional love, forgiveness, patience, courage.
Lord Krishna was a cow herder. This helped in consolidating the importance and the religious glorification of the cow among the Vaisnavites, followers of Krishna and Hindus.
Keeping aside religious factors, cow is a very useful domestic animal, calm and quiet, loveable animal. When mother’s milk is not sufficient for a baby, Cow milk is at par with mother’s milk.
GAU MATA is having special qualities in her milk, urine, and dung. Cow milk is considered to be easily digestible and good for health. Cow’s urine is used in many medicines and cow urine or gau mutra which has a unique place in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine.
COW- DUNG is also very useful as fertilizer for agriculture. In most of
villages, dry cow dung-cakes and Gobar Gas (gas produced, using cow dung) are used for fuel purpose. What else is needed to worship this holy animal, which is so deeply related with the Hindu faith and serving the society selflessly?
According to Upanishads or various Puranas, we find that MOTHER EARTH was represented as COW or GAU MATA. Earth was polluted by demons, and it became intolerable for the humans to continue their existence. Mother Earth represented herself as cow and went to the SUPREME LORD with a request for help. Request was to save her and her sons and daughters, thus, this being reason for considering cows as sacred. Sanctity of the cow is perhaps foremost sentiment of ours.
Our scripture teaches us that the COW is a gift from GODS to the mankind. Cow represents the Divine Mother that sustains all human beings and brings them up as her very own offspring. Cow is even more than a mother in the sense that she fulfills all the needs of her children as well. The cow is understood as Kamdhenu, the wish filling mythical cow.
Mythology and legend, it is with the cult of Krishna that the cow is closely connected. Among other deeds, Krishna is said to have lifted mount Govardhan to protect his group of cows, cowboys and milkmaids. Hence to take care of this innocent and self-sacrificing animal is a matter of virtue for Hindus who identify the act as dharma or moral duty.
Milk is converted to DAHI which is churned to produce butter. This is again converted into Ghee which needs for offering to God during POOJA. No wonder the cow is considered the backbone of rural society.
Perhaps most significant tribute to cow is paid during havan or the formal fire ritual conducted by a priest. No havan is said to be complete without the presence of panchgavya or the five items of cow, namely milk, DAHI, ghee, gobar, and gaumutra. Gau daan is considered highest act of DHARMA.
The hour of Gaudhuli , cow dust, indicate time of returning home. There is tinkling of cow bells as herds return from grazing, kicking up a cloud of dust just when the sun is going down. This is a special time, auspicious especially for marriages.
All GODS dwell in her body of a cow. Therefore the cow itself is as holier, as the deities. Cow symbolizes the dharma.