As human relations keep getting harder by the day, we turn to the higher energy for some respite to our souls and then this Question keeps coming to our minds from time to time. Here is the answer.
In perhaps the most famous passage in the Bhagavad Gita, God as represented by Shri Krishna is quoted as saying that He descends on Earth when unrighteousness reaches extreme proportions. God says that he comes to redeem all souls, destroy evil and re-establish a righteous order.
But when in the history of this world does God perform this task? The passage in the Gita contains the words ‘sambhavami yuge yuge’, which has led people to believe that God’s descent take place in each of the four yugas or Ages in the cycle of time, is that the case?
After some reflection it becomes clear that this is not possible. The cycle of time begins with the Golden Age, when both human souls and the elements of nature are in their purest state. Humans at that time have divine virtues and are free of all vices – qualities for which they are worshipped as deities today.
They are blessed with health, wealth and happiness and know no sorrow. Evil does not exist in that Age. Souls live in this blissful state through the Golden and Silver ages, even though they lose some of their shine over time.
It is obvious that a no need for God to intervene in the happy state of affairs. Humans call out to God in times of sorrow and when things deteriorate beyond human tolerance. God, the redeemer, rejuvenator and redeemer of sorrow then comes to restore peace and happiness in this world, God’s descent, thus, is meant to remove human suffering and rejuvenate the world.
In the Golden and Silver Ages all souls are happy and no one calls for God’s help. If God were to come at the end of both these Ages then peace, prosperity and joy should continue and there should be no suffering.
But pain and sorrow begin in the Copper Age, when humans lose the awareness that they are souls and begin to identify themselves with their body, which gives rise to vices such as lust, anger, greed and ego.
As humans come increasingly under the influence of vices, their suffering increases. As the Copper Age gives way to the Iron Age, this process of degradation gathers pace – which would not have happened had God come to salvage humanity at the end of the Copper Age.
Finally, seeing that His children are unable to get out of the grip of vices and suffering, God comes to this world to remind them of their true, spiritual identity and their innate virtues. He also fells them about their relationship with Him and how they can regain their original, pure state by remembering Him.
By this remembrances, souls fill themselves with power and virtues, gradually overcoming the influence of vices,. Souls that make the effort to get cleaned in this way and also a divine status become worthy of taking birth in the Golden Age that dawns after the Iron Age.
All other souls are also liberated from sorrow in this process of change when God brings about the destruction of all evil and paves the way for the dawn of the Golden Age. In the entire cycle of time it is only at the end of the Iron Age that this massive and positive process of world transformation takes place.
It can only be carried out by God. During the rest of the cycle souls undergo a process of degradation – very slow in the beginning and faster as time goes by. It is only at the confluence of the Iron and Golden Ages, when God intervenes, that this process ends and there is a new beginning.